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LA PAZ      














La Paz (Bolivia), This Cityis in Western Bolivia, Located on the La Paz River. La Paz is Bolivia's Largest City, as Well as the Country's Administrative Capital and the Capital of La Paz Department. The City Sits in Between the Andes Mountains and is About 3625 m (About 11,900 ft.) Above Sea Level, Making it the Highest Larger City in the World. La Paz is Linked by Railroads and Highways to Cities in Peru and Argentina and to Arica, Chile, the Nearest Port on the Pacific Ocean. It also has an International Airport. Although Bolivia is Rich in Silver, Copper, and Lead, La Paz is not Heavily Industrialized Because Of Limited Power Resources. The Principal Industries Process Food and Manufacture Textiles, Clothing, Shoes, and Chemicals. The City is the Principal Export Center for the Mineral Resources of Bolivia. Although Sucre is the Official Capital of Bolivia, La Paz has Been the Actual Center of Government Since 1898. With the Exception of the National Supreme Court, all Government Functions are Centered in La Paz. It is Also the Site of the University of San Andrés (1830), the Catholic Bolivian University (1966), the National Museum, the Presidential and Legislative Palaces, and a Cathedral (Completed in 1933) with a Capacity of 12,000 Persons. La Paz was Founded by the Spanish in 1548. It Flourished Because of its Strategic Location on the Trade Route Between the Bolivian Silver Mines and the Ocean. From 1809 to 1824, the City was Headquarters for the Revolutionary Movement Against Spanish Rule. Population (Estimated in 1993) was of 784,976.

Republic of Bolivia
Bolivia, Incorporated on August 6, 1825 as a Unitary, Free, Independent and Sovereign, is Located in Central South America, Between Latitudes 9 Degrees 39 Minutes and 22 Degrees 53 Minutes South Latitude, and Between the Meridians: 57 Degrees 25 Minutes and 69 Degrees 38 Minutes West Longitude From the Meridian of Greenwich. Bordered on the North and East with the Federative Republic of Brazil, Southeast with the Republic of Paraguay, to the South by Argentina, to the Southwest with the Republic of Chile and West by the Republic of Peru.
The Name of Boliviais in Honor of Liberator Simon Bolivar. The Capital of the Republic was Called Sucre, in Recognition of the Mariscal Antonio Jose de Sucre.

The History of the Territory That Today Constitutes the Republic of Bolivia Goes Back to the Cultures That Developed in the Plateauas Viscachanense, the Ayampitinense, the Chiripa, the Wancarani, the Urus and Particularly Tiwanacota Characterized as the First Andean Empire, Whose Domain was Built the First Planned City of the Region: Tiwanaku.

Other Ethnic Groups with DifferentCharacteristics, AlsoOwn Part of the Historical and Cultural Background of the Country. Among Them are in the Valleys: the Yampara or Ampara and Mojocoyas, and in the Eastern Zone, the Chiriguanos, Guarayo Moxeños, Chapacuras, Itonomas, Movimas, Paraguaras, Itenez Tacanas, Mosetenes and Sirionós.
During the Development of the Inca Empire, the Area Corresponding to Collasuyo Renamed Bolivia, Being Predominantly Occupied by Aymara Settlements.

The Arrival of the Spanish in 1532, Destroyed the Organization What for Centuries Worked in the Region, Implementing a New Institutional Political Structure, Based on the Exploitation of Non-Renewable Natural Resources. To Meet the Stated Objectives, the Conquerors Organized the Territory and Founded Cities with Defined Roles in Strategic Areas to Their Interests.
During Colonial Times, the Rush of the Exploitation of Silver and at the Time of the Republic, Based on the Exploitation of Tin, was Developed Predominantly Mining Economy with Intensive Use of Scarce Labor and Coordination with Other Sectors of the Productive Activity.
The Role of Producing and Exporting Region of Non-Renewable Natural Resources, Assigned from the Colonial Period, Until the Late 1940s and Early 1950s, When Efforts to Diversify the Productive Structure of the Country.
Currently, Bolivia is Undergoing a Process of Redefinition of its Links with the Global Economy and Reorganization of its Productive Structure, within a Framework of Deepening Democratic Life and to Reorient the Role of the State in the Economy.

Department of Chuquisaca
It was Created on January 23, 1826, During the Government of Marshal Antonio José de Sucre, is Located South of the Republic of Bolivia. Bordered on the North by the Department of Cochabamba, on the South by the Department of Tarija, on the East by the Department of Santa Cruz and the Republic of Paraguay and to the West by the Department of Potosí.
The History of the Department of Chuquisaca Comes Back to Cultures That Coexisted in the Region, and From the Remains of Ceramics and Textiles Found in Quila Quila, Maragua, Punuilla and the Periphery of the Area Now Occupied by the City of Sucre, Could Have an Age of 10,000 Years Before our Era. As for the Name of These Cultures, There is no Clear Definition. In the First Instance They were Known by the Name of Charcas, but byFurther Investigations theyare Called Mojocoyas, Yamparas or Sunlamps.
April 16, 1540, After Bloody Battles Fought by the Natives Against the Spanish Conquerors, Don Pedro de Anzures, Marquis of Camporedondo, at the Foot of the Hillsof Churuquella he Founded Sica Sica and the Capital of New Toledo, the Same Who Later Would Become the Capital of the Department.
Bolivia Suffered Many Changes Among These Events is the Creation of the Royal Audiencia of Charcas or La Plata, in Order to Administer Justice on the Imperial Miners of Potosi and be a Center of Resistance Against the Portuguese Chiriguanos. It Also Produces the Foundation of the University of San Francisco Xavier,on March 27, 1624, with the Royal and Pontifical Titles.

The Ideas of Rebellion Existed Since 1780, Along with the Philosophical Doctrines That were Developed in the Cloisters of the University of San Francisco Xavier, Created the Environment for What was the First Act of Liberty, May 25, 1809, Beginning the Process That Led to the Independence of the South American Continent.

Another Significant Event Occurred in Chuquisaca, in August 6, 1825. After 16 Years of Bloody Struggle, Signing the Declaration of Independence and Creating the Republic of Bolivar. Later, in the Assembly in August 10, 1825,Which Approved the New Name for What Would be the Republic of Bolivia, on the Proposal of Deputy Department of Potosi, Priest Manuel Martín Cruz, Who Argued "If Rome was Called This Way because of Romulo, Bolivia will be called this way because of Bolivar" .
The City, Which had Been Built on theSettlement of Charcas, Under the Name of La Plata, and Subsequently had Received the Name of Chuquisaca was Renamed Sucre in Honor of Mariscal Antonio Jose de Sucre, Being Declared the Capital of the Republic of Bolivia. Becoming in: “City of Four Names". Its Lay Out is Based on Square Blocks and Straight Streets Around the Square, Characteristic of Spanish Cities in America. It is Dominated by the Architecture of the Colonial era: Houses with Tile Roofs, Patios and Porches with Carved Central Sources. It was Painted with Lime, also Known as the "White City".

The Freedom House, Built in 1621, Hosted the National Congress Since 1825 Until 1899. It is the Hall of Independence, Where the First Constituent Congressof the Nation Took Place and Signed the Declaration of Independence of the Country. Among Other Constructions Archbishop's Palace, Built in 1609, the Metropolitan Cathedral, Begun in 1559, Numerous Churches and Convents and the National Library Were Built During the Colonial Period , Which has Exclusive Documentary Resources Published Since 1492, and More Than 100,000 Volumes; and the National Archives has Unpublished Documents From 1546 to Date, Preserved in over 2,000 Linear Feet of File.




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