This is the Least Populated Territory
in Peru, With Only 600,000 People Living in its 80,000
kM2 (30,880 sq. Miles) of a Jungle Area. Its Capital Is
a Riverside City known as Puerto Maldonado with 25, 000
The Tampobamba and Madre de Dios rivers, and the Latex
Boom at the End of the Past Century, Determined the
Foundation of the City of Puerto Maldonado., Today,
Madre de Dios, the Old Inca Antisuyo, is Still What It
Has Been for Centuries For all Adventure Lovers: a
Virgin and Frontier Land Full of Mysteries.
Due to the Fact That Its Virgin Forest Covers 98% of the
Territory, Madre de Dios Has the Most Varied Bio-Diversity
of the World.
Altitude: 400 Meters (1,312 feet) a.s.l.
Distance: 650 km. From Cusco
Population: 25,000 Inhabitants
Puerto Maldonado is One of the Most Important Cities of
the Southern Jungle. It Sits on the Banks of the Madre
de Dios River, Which Connects it With RiveraAlta in
Bolivia (a 5-Hour Trip to the Border, by River) and with
Assis, in Brazil (242 km/150 miles).
The Department's Capital is a Dynamic, Young and
Bustling Frontier City. The Main Economic Activities are
Forestry, Although Farming and the Ecological Tourism
are Being Developed.
The Manu, Tambopata-Candamo and Pampas reserves
cover 3'500,000 Jungle Hectares (8'645,000 Acres), the
Largest and Richest Blo-Diversity of the World. They
Keep Unique Flora and Fauna Species, Impossible to Find
Elsewhere, Including the 2,500 Flower Varieties, More
Than 1,000 Birds (10% of the World's Species,) 900
Butterfly Species and More Than 20 Kinds of Monkeys.
Near Puerto Maldonado, There are Several Attractions
Such as the Sandoval and Valencia Lakes, Next to the
Bolivian Border (by River, 4 Hours From the City), These
Wonderful Places Give the Tourist the Opportunity to
Fish, be Close to Nature, and be in Contact With Native
There are Several Lodges Which Offer Very Interesting
Eco-Touristic Services. These Lodges, Although Rustic,
are Suited to Provide the Visitors' Requirements. There
is Also a Private Investigation Center in the Area.
The Weather is Cold and Dry in the Highlands, Warm
in the Valleys, Cold and Humid in the Cloudy Forest and,
Warm and Humid In the Lower Jungle. The Rainy or Winter
Season Runs From December to March, and the Summer or
Dry Season (Ideal for Tourism), From April to November.
Puerto Maldonado is a City in Southeastern Peru in the
Amazon Forest 55 kilometers (34 mi) West of the Bolivian
Border on the Confluence of the Tambopata and Madre de
Dios River, an Affluent of the Amazon River. It is the
Capital of the Madre de Dios Region.
Nearby are the Manu National Park, Tambopata National
Reserve, and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. These are
Some of the most Pristine Primary Rain Forests in the
World, Which Include Several Oxbow Lakes and Clay, Where
Hundreds of Birds Including Macaws Feed on Clay.
In 1901, the Peruvian Government Created a Committee to
Explore the Nation's Rainforest. Don Juan Villalta Led
an Expedition Along the Tambopata River, Departing From
Sandia. Villata Founded Puerto Maldonado on July 10,
1902 as a Station Where the Tambopata Met Madre de Dios.
He Named the Port After Faustino Maldonado, of Tarapoto,
Who Had Explored Madre de Dios in 1861 and Drowned in
the Rapids of the Mamoré River. The Region Madre de Dios
was created by law on Dec. 26, 1912 with Puerto
Maldonado as its Capital. The City was Formally
Recognized in 1985.
Climate: Puerto Maldonado is in the Tropical
Amazon Basin. The Climate is Hot and Humid at all Times.
The Average Annual Temperature is 26 °C (79 °F) the
Months of August and September are the hottest. Annual
Rainfall Exceeds 1,000 Millimeters (3.3 ft.). The Wet
Season is From October to April. The Main Part of the
Town is Located on a Slightly Elevated Area That Does
Not Normally Flood in the Wet Season. Road Travel Often
Becomes Impossible During This Time. A Low Season Occurs
Between June and August.
A Common Phenomenon Known Locally as a "Surazo" or "Friaje"
Occurs When Polar Winds Blow in From the Mountainous
South. The Temperature Will Drop to as Low as 8 °C (46
°F) for Several Days.