Natural Heritage of Peru
Established in 1975, the National
Park HuascaranContains all the White Mountain Range
(With the Exception of the Distant SnowyChampará in its
Extreme North), the Highest Range of the Peruvian Andes
and the Highest Range in the World's Tropical Zone. Its
Total Area is Approximately 1300 Square Miles (340,000
Hectares), Roughly 110 Miles (180 km) North-South, and
an Average of Only 12 Miles (20 kin) East-West. Within
its Boundaries are Thirty Mountains Above 6000 Meters
(19686 ft.) Above Sea Level (Fifteen are Above 20,000
Feet, 6096 Meters), Crowned by Snowy Huascaran itself at
22205 Feet (6768 m). ("Nevado" Means Snow-Covered Peak.)
There are Another Thirty Peaks Above 18500 Feet (5640
in), as Well as Hundreds of Glacial Lakes, Rivers, and
Waterfalls, and an Abundance of Flora and Fauna.
Huaraz is known
as the 'Switzerland of the South' Because of its
Beautiful Peaks That are Visible From the Center of the
Huaraz is in
North-Central Peru, Near 420 km North of Lima, and at an
Altitude of 3,052 Meters (10,013 ft.). It is the Largest
Population Center in the Agriculturally Important Valley
of Callejón de Huaylas. The Callejón (in Spanish Roughly
Meaning Large Valley or Corridor) is a North-South
Valley Bounded on the East by the Cordillera Blanca
(Permanent White Snowcaps and Glaciers) and on the West
by the Cordillera Negra (no Permanent Snowcapped Peaks
or Glaciers, HENCE black).
Beginning to the End You Will be Entertained by the
Department, You Can See The Most Spectacular Snow
Covered Mountains, Among Them Mount Huascaran (6,768
ma.sl), the Tallest Peak in Peru. In Addition, There are
Hot Springs and Spectacular Lakes as Those of LLanganuco;
It is a Perfect Area for Adventure Sports Like White
Water Rafting, Mountain Climbing, Mountain Biking, and
National Park, Placed on the World Natural Heritage List
by UNESCO, Guards Wildlife Species in its Beautiful
Surroundings Like Condors, Vicuna, Deer, Pumas, Andean
Foxes, and Viscachas
The City of
Huaraz Has Dry and Moderate Weather With a Maximum
Average Temperature of 24 º C (75 º F) and Minimum of 7
º C (44 º F).
The Rainy Season
Starts in October and Ends in March.
Avenue Luzuriaga 762 (Opposite to the Main Square).
Monday to Saturday From 09:00 am to 5:00 pm and Sunday
From 9:00 am to 2:00 pm.
Contain a Varied Collection of the Lithic Culture
Called Recuay (0 to 600 AD), This Human Group Developed
Before the Inca Settlement; The Recuay Culture was
Located in the Valley of the Santa River after Chavin’s
Decadence, Which was One of the Matrix Civilizing
Cultures in the Andean World.
of the Most Important Museums of the Lithic World (This
collection Has more Than 700 pieces), These Treasures
are Also Remains of the Chavin, Mochica, Wari and Chimu
Located at 70
kilometers South of Huaraz is the Most Emblematic Snowy
Cordillera Blanca for its Beauty and Attraction is Part
of the Huascaran National Park. It’s an Easy, Accessible
Glacier, so You do Not Need to Have Great knowledge of
Mountaineering and Excellent Physical Condition to
Climb. Just Think With a Good Dose of Enthusiasm and
Willingness to Crown its Summit (5.150 Meters High).
You must take
Advantage of the Snowy Journey to Take a Look at the Eye
of Lake Pumapashimi With its Sparkling Water and the
Stand of Puya Raimondi, the World's Largest Plants. Long
and Slender, the Barbs Reach up to 10 Meters High. Its
Borders Lifespan is of 100 Years and Only Blooms at the
End of its Life, Producing Nearly 6 million Seeds. Also
Known by the Name of (Tyrannical), These Inflorescences
are Native to the High Andes.
kilometers From the New Yungay.
Relief of Huaraz Caused These Gaps by the Melting of the
Mountains Huascaran, Huandoy, the Yanapaccha, the
Chopicalqui and Pisco, With Snowy Waters to Create One
of the Most Representative Natural Areas of all the
Callejon de Huaylas and the National Park Huascaran. As
Mentioned Above, There are Two Gaps LLanganuco
Interconnected With the Lake Chinancocha Female (3,850
ASL.) And the Oxbow Lake or Male Lagoon (3,863 ASL.).
The First is of a Greater Size and Depth (28 Mts.) and
Impresses With the Intensity of its Turquoise Waters,
While the Second is Linked by Huge Granite Walls That
are Situated Vertically. The Water is Blue and is
Located at the End of the Glacier Valley.
In Both Lakes
There are Facilities for Travelers. In Chinancocha There
are Boats For Rent, Horse Riding and There is a
Camping Area and a Nice Trail Called Maria Josepha
Crossing a Queñual Forest (Polylepis), That are
Highland Trees. Meanwhile, the Oxbow Lake Has a Camping
Area and a Ranger Station.
Archaeological Complex of Chavin
It is Located
in the District of Chavin (3,177 m.), Huari Province,
109 kilometers From Huaraz, the Regional Capital. The
Trip is Via a Paved Road, by Which You Can See Snow
Landscapes and the Attractive Querococha Lagoon.
Covers an Area of 14 Hectares Highlighting in
Construction or Building a Main Temple That has the
Shape of a Truncated Pyramid With Huge Stone Blocks
Polished and Underground Passages, Enclosures Pyramidal
Temples and Sunken Squares, Also Stone Sculptures in
High and Low Relief, Located to Create a Mysterious
Atmosphere, the Most Impressive Archaeological Complex
That You Can Find in the Ancash Region, Which
According to Research, Has Been Built by the People of
Chavin Pre-Inca Culture, Around 1200 BC
In Times of
Splendor of This Town, Considered One of the
Cornerstones in the Andean Development Ceremonies and
Rituals were Practiced at the Stone Structures.
Thousands of People Watched With Reverence, Perhaps Even
Afraid, to Those Priests Who Had the Ability to
Disappear From One Place and Appear in Another in
Ritual Participants, is That Beneath the Stone
Enclosures, There was a Complex Network of Tunnels,
Underground Passages, Which Allowed the Priests to Move
From One Place to Another Without Being Seen. These
Tunnels were Equipped With Air Ducts and Small Gaps for
Which Admitted Faint Sunlight. A Whole Architectural
Apart From its
Precincts and Galleries in Several Important Chavin
Stone Sculptures with Great Artistic Skills Which
Manifested Symbolically, Gargoyle Heads with Feline
Features and Men Who were Placed on the Exterior of the
Temple (Retains its Original Position) and El Lanzon
Monolithic that is a Huge Sculpture Four Meters High and
Knife-Shaped, Located in the Tunnels. This Piece
Features Carving of Birds, Snakes and Cats.
Discovered or Presented to the World by Julio C. Tello,
the "Father of Peruvian Archaeology", in 1919. Since
Then, its Buildings and Galleries Have Generated
Admiration, Being Declared by the UNESCO as a World
Heritage Site in 1985.