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SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS      

   
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
   

SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS

 

The Sacred Valley of the Incas
The Area of the Valley Between Pisac and Ollantaytambo is Known as the Sacred Valley of the Incas. It is a Long Narrow Valley Which, in The Southern Region, Goes Back up to Urcos and Towards the North, Crosses Ollantaytambo Before it Finally Reaches the Citadel of Machu Picchu. Over the Years, the Power of the IncasWas Consolidated Due to the Expansion of Their Territories. The Terraces are a Testimony of the Vast Production of Food, and the Ollantaytambo Ruins Reflect the Ambitious Plans of the Leaders of Cusco. The Best Time to Visit it is April-May or September-October , the High Season is June-August. The Rainy Season, From October to March,It is Cheaper and the Weather isBearable and if You Have Warm Clothes and an Umbrella or Raincoat You Will Not Have Issues, Other Than That You are Ready to Visit Peru.


wpe30.jpg (5485 bytes)Pisac and its Citadel
Pisac is Approximately 32 kilometers From the City of Cusco. This Area Has Traditional Walls of Carved Stone, Large Colonial Houses and Constructions where they Made their Rituals, With a Complex Structure of Terraces and Irrigation Channels. Pisaq is Well known for its Crafts Market That is Opened Only on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays. The Trek to the Ruins Starts From the Plaza Which Crosses the Terrace Gardens. The Beauty of the Scenery is Spectacular. When You Climb to the Central Part of the Ruins, you Will Reach the Temple of the Sun, the Temple of the Moon and the Carved Stone Referred to as Intihuatana. All of These Structures Express Evident Astronomical Knowledge. The Area Reserved for What Could be Called Storage(Tambo’s) Demonstrates the Importance That the Incas Gave to the Conservation of the Crops.

From Pisac to Urubamba
From Pisac, Following the Vilcanota River Towards the West, the Narrow Route Between the River and the Hills Passes Through the Towns of Calca, Yucay and Urubamba Before Arriving to Ollantaytambo. Yucay is Associated With Some Important Events in the Incaand Colonial History. In the Spacious Main Square you Will Find a Beautiful, Impressive Tree, the Pisonay, Which Has Leafy Branches and its Beautiful Flowers Give the Town an Air of Festivity and Elegance. The Ruins of the Palace of the Inca Huayna Capac Can Also be Found in This Area. Urubamba is not Located Far From Here. Like Many Places Along the Valley, Urubamba is in a Fine Setting With Snow-Capped Peaks in View. It Has Many Restaurants and Pleasant Dining Areas With Reasonable Prices. The Nearby White Mountain Range Provides the Area With Scenery of Extraordinary Beauty. The Town Offers the Visitor a Wide Range of Possibilities to Rest, and Includes a Number of Hotels and Similar Options.

Ollantaytambo
The Town of Ollantaytambo is Located on the Opposite End of the Pisac Valley. The Hanging Terraces GoingAbove the Town are Superb. Likewise, the Curving Terraces Following the Contours of the Rocks Overlooking the UrubambaValley are Impressive. This was One of the Last Areas in Which the Incas Made ConstructionsBefore the Arrival of the Conquerors. Many of the Buildings That were Begun in Pre-Hispanic Times Were Left Unfinished. The Abandoned Stones and Unfinished Walls Remain as Testimonies of the Battle in Whichthe Last Bastion of the IncasAlong With Manco Inca Faced the Conquerors. The Incas Retreated to the Vilcabamba, Jungle, an Area That Served as a Final Refuge for What Remained of the Political Legacy of the Incas.

Chinchero
Chinchero is Located Between Urubamba and Cusco. This Area is Well Known For its Ruins and For the Lovely Church Where you Can Find Many Artistic Painted Images Fromthe Cusco School. It is Also an Appropriate Region to View the Splendid Snow-Capped Peaks in the Surrounding Area. The Church, the Houses Were Painted by Diego CusiGuaman, as Well as Several Canvasses by Other Artists. The Main Altarpiece is From the Seventeenth Century and Represents the Virgin of Montserrat, to Whom the Church is Dedicated.

Maras Salt Flats and the Circular Ruins in Moray
Maras, From Which One Can Reach the Salt Flats and the Moray Ruins, is Located on the Northwestern Side Before Entering Cusco. The Salt Flats Display a Spectacle of Unusual Beauty. Located on a Wide-Open Hill Above the Urubamba Valley, the Salty Water Runs Along Channels, Which Extend Through the Flooded Lands and Follow a More or Less Rectangular Pattern, Depending on the Variations in the Land. The Water, Which is Exposed to the Sun, Leaves Salt on the Bed. Viewed From the Peak, the View of Rectangles Look Like an Enormous Painting Designed by Nature. Inland, not Far From Maras, One Can Find the Moray Ruins. There are Three Semicircular Amphi-Theaters Used by the Incas as a Sort of Open-Air Crop Laboratory. The Terraces Arranged in Concentric Circles and Spread Out at Intervals From the Lower to the Upper Region. For This Reason, it is not Clear Enough What Role They Played. The Structures of These Terraces Suggest Agricultural Activity Which Used Many Factors of the Environment  as the Air Circulation the One Combined With the Circular Area and the Advantages Offered by This Type of Construction, Because They Used Water From Nearby Regions.


 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 
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